Canada – A Risk Assessment of the Environmental Assessment Process

November 2020

Canada mining
Environmental assessments (EAs) are critical components of mining licensing and permitting processes.

In this report TI Canada analyzes the transparency and accountability of EA processes in three of Canada’s largest mining operation and exploration jurisdictions (Ontario, British Columbia, and Yukon) using the Mining Awards Corruption Risk Assessment (MACRA) tool.

While some noteworthy strengths were identified, especially in BC’s updated Environmental Assessment Act, many weaknesses remain in all jurisdictions analyzed. This report details both strengths and weaknesses in existing EA processes and details several recommendations for greater transparency and accountability through clarity enhancing measures, closing loopholes, and strengthening mechanisms for oversight and stakeholder consultation.

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See also: TI-Canada’s Mining for Sustainable Development National Report, published in 2018