What is the process for awarding mining rights in Cambodia? What steps must the company and the government follow?
This process map depicts the process of awarding an exploration licence in Cambodia.
The Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME) is responsible for granting mining and exploration licences. It is responsible for receiving, processing and administering mining rights.
The MME determines which land is available for mineral exploration, and then invites interested parties to submit an application for a mineral exploration licence. Before applying, applicants must first conduct an initial environmental impact assessment, which must include consultation with affected communities.
An Evaluation Committee made up of members appointed by the Minister of Mines and Energy then conducts due diligence on the applicants and assesses the applications based on technical and financial criteria. The applicant that receives the highest score is granted the licence. If two applicants receive the same high score, the licence is awarded on a first come, first served basis.
The exploration license is valid for three years and may be renewed twice, for two years each time.